african modernity meets Mid-Century style in the heart of sandton | House and Leisure
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african modernity meets Mid-Century style in the heart of sandton

Greg Cox/Bureaux



Architect Charles van Breda and landscaper Tim Conradie worked together to balance the linearity of Johanne Balfour’s modernist Highveld house in Joburg with the organic nature of the garden surrounding it. 

During the time when Johanne Balfour and her family were building their home in Sandton, they rented a house designed by Mid-Century South African architect Norman Eaton. Eaton’s legacy is best summed up as pioneering a kind of Highveld regional modernism – and Johanne, who is French, could not have chosen a more thoughtful, nuanced example of local architecture to shape her family’s own architectural response to their new country.

‘From the start, I wanted to go modern,’ says Johanne, an interior designer who studied at the Istituto Europeo di Design in Milan and Joburg’s Greenside Design Center. And it was this idea that led her to the ‘tropical modernism’ of contemporary Brazilian architecture, which combines the clean lines and elegance of modernist architecture with textured natural materials and a more expressive approach.

Designed so that whoever is cooking can interact with people in the dining area and also look out over the garden, the kitchen is finished in blonde oak that was left slightly rough to emphasise its materiality. The chairs are local versions of Borge Mogensen’s iconic Spanish Chair, and the pendant lights above the granite-topped central island are by MOS.
Carved North African sidetables and a handwoven mohair rug by Coral Stephens contrast with a Fantasma floor lamp by Tobia Scarpa for Flos and an Italian sofa that are decidedly contemporary. An Australian Aboriginal painting that the Balfours bought abroad introduces a vibrant pop of colour to the living area.

Intent on adapting this influence for her family home’s Highveld setting and melding it with some of the principles that animated Eaton’s architecture in the late mid-20th century, Johanne called on architect Charles van Breda – and the result is a sophisticated version of modern African architecture.

The building comprises a wooden-slatted block resting on top of a glass block, with a concrete block on one end that intersects at 90 degrees. ‘The design crystallised into a very simple form,’ says Van Breda. ‘Effectively, it is a structure floating on another structure, with a glass box below.’ The bedrooms are above and the living areas are glassed in below, configured around the kitchen, which ‘formed the nucleus of the house’. In the concrete block is the garage.

Johanne wanted the garden and building to be well integrated, so she worked with landscaper Tim Conradie to create a largely endemic garden that stands as a wild counterpoint to the disciplined linearity of the architecture. This concept of a pristine, human-made ‘jewel in the landscape’ of classic modernism is tempered somewhat by the materials used for the exterior, which were chosen to weather with time: the wooden screen on the first level, for example, will turn a soft silver-grey and bring, as van Breda expresses it, another dimension of ‘life to the front of the building’, while the concrete and glass will maintain their clarity.

The effect, as Van Breda notes, is to shift the idea of a modernist house from a ‘machine for living’ to a design that ‘acknowledges the idea of the handmade object’. It’s not rustic by any means, but inside and out, there are references to the crafted and handmade elements embedded in the structured architecture.

A Mid-Century display unit the Balfours bought in Europe is packed with collectibles from all over the world, including hand-blown pieces from Murano in Italy and by Ngwenya Glass in Swaziland.